Creative Nonfiction | Critical Studies
There are many text-types associated with Non-fiction: the essay, the biography or memoir, travel writing, nature, writing…the list is extensive as Creative Nonfiction.
To figure out how to analyse the structure, determine first what the text-type is. If it’s an essay, well, every Year 12 student should know the structure of an essay; analyse it according to introduction, body and conlusion rules. However for extended nonfiction like memoir or biography, it might be useful to apply the rules of novel structure.
You should also consider critic Barbara Lounsberry’s four criteria for creative nonfiction:
- Subject matter from the real world (rather than created by the imagination).
- Exhaustive research.
- The creation of ‘the scene’ – an immersion in the visual or experience.
- A fine or sophisticated ‘literary’ writing style.
The really interesting part of non-fiction structure is: how are the facts and opinions ascertained?
Is there in-text referencing or a list of references at the end? Is the narrator a character in the text or is a third-person perspective used? What kind of literary techniques are used and how much do they elaborate on the real subject by using their imagination?